Kolkata, one of the largest cities of India, is rich in cultural values and traditions. It is the hub of the east and one of the major business centres of the country. Calcutta (now, Kolkata) is the oldest and the largest city in India. Bordered by the famous Hooghly River on the west, Kolkata boasts of many places of historical and scientific importance like Victoria Memorial Hall, Birla Planetarium, Indian Museum, Botanical Garden, Science City etc.
The city has lived through over 300 years of cultural, political and social turmoil. Calcutta (Kolkata) is a veritable treasure trove of literature, fine arts and culture. The current name was a translation from “Kali Ghats”, which means the ‘land of the Goddess Kali’. Howrah Bridge is the only cantilever bridge in the country, and it connects the busy city with Howrah and other important roadways to India.
Calcutta (Kolkata) is internationally connected by air directly to London, New York, Paris, Frankfurt, Moscow, Dubai, Bangkok and Singapore among other cities. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Nagpur, Bhubaneswar, Hyderabad and other important cities are also linked to the city. The city is linked by rail to all major cities and many remote areas too.
The city has stretches of hot seasons as well as rainy seasons and moderate winter seasons. Generally during April to June temperature is fairly high, rains will be there during July to September and December to January are moderately cold days.
Average temperature in Kolkata (in Celsius)
- Nov-Feb: 13°C – 28°C
- Mar-May: 21°C – 36°C
- Jun-Oct: 28°C – 34°C
Best visit is between October and March.
Languages: Bengali, Hindi, English
There is nothing you cannot buy here. Kolkata is famous for Katha embroidery, terracotta items, fine saris, ‘Kalighat’ paintings, genuine antiques, lovingly restored antique furniture and original works of art.
Executive Tower India offers an unbelievable section of top class sightseeing attractions in Kolkata (Calcutta), India that are sure to be the highlight of any holiday. Visitors looking for a variety of cultural attractions in Kolkata (Calcutta) will be not leave disappointed with so many options to choose from. Kolkata (Calcutta) also offers numerous renowned heritage sites that India is famous for around the world.
Famous Sights of Kolkata
This site has one temple devoted to the goddess Kail and 12 devoted to the god Shiva. These sites are worth a visit, and provide some of the best photo ops that will be sure to impress all back home.
Millennium Park is a public park in Kolkata, situated along the Strand Road on eastern shore of Hooghly River for a stretch of 2.5 km near Babughat and opposite to Koilaghat. The park consists of landscaped gardens and children’s amusement rides. It was opened along the riverside to provide a green area for Kolkata’s polluted waterway. It is a millennium gift from Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA/CMDA) inaugurated on 26 December 1999. The park is part of the first phases of the Kolkata Riverside Beautification Project.
Kolkata Metro Rail
The Kolkata Metro or Calcutta Metro is a mass rapid transit system serving the city of Kolkata and the districts of South 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas in Indian state of West Bengal. The network consists of one operational line and one under construction, with four further lines in various stages of planning. It was the first such form of transportation in India, opening commercial services in 1984.
Victoria Memorial Hall
Victoria Memorial is a large white marble construction and an impressive testament to the British Raj in India. Lord Cuzon built it in memory of Queen Victoria and it today houses historical manuscripts, paintings and sculptures.
The construction of the temple began in 1970. It took 26 years to complete the entire structure. On Wednesday, the 21st of February, 1996, the Pran Prathistha was done by Swami Chidanandaji Maharaj in the morning.
Although Kolkata is no longer India’s capital, it is still home to the country’s largest and most prominent library. Once the home of Warren Hastings, the first governor general of British India, it today contains over two million books and historical manuscripts.
Jain Temple (also called Parshwanath Temple) is a Jain temple at Badridas Temple Street is a major tourist attraction in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. The temple was built by a Marwari Shrimal Jain named Seth Badridas in 1867. Pratishtha was done by Sri Kalyansurishwarji Maharaj.
Belur Math Temple
This spectacular display of unique world architecture is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Mission. It is located along the banks of the river, 6kms north of Kolkata and depending which side you view it from, gives the impression of being a mosque, a temple or a church.
Kalighat was a Ghat (Landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Calcutta. The name Calcutta is said to have been derived from the word Kalighat. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hoogly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hoogly (the Ganges). Hence the name Adi (original) Ganges.
Netaji Bhawan or Netaji Bhavan (Netaji’s Residence) is a memorial hall of Subhas Chandra Bose (“Netaji”) in Kolkata, owned and managed by Netaji Research Bureau. It includes museum, archives and library.
Arguably India’s finest example of Georgian architecture, Raj Bhavan was once the official residence of the British governor during the period of British rule in India. Tipu Sultan’s throne is one of the site’s most interesting attractions, while the ballroom dance floor is the most sparklingly polished in all of India.
Rabindranath Tagore House
Once home of one of India’s greatest national heroes – a man who brought his beloved country to the eyes of the world and the first Nobel Prize winner to hail from Asia, Rabindranath Tagore – this house is today a centre for traditional dance, drama music, museum and university of arts.
2nd Hoogly Bridge
Vidyasagar Setu, also known as the Second Hooghly Bridge, is a toll bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India, linking the cities of Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta) and Howrah. With a total length of 823 metres (2,700 ft), Vidyasagar Setu is the longest cable–stayed bridge in India and one of the longest in Asia. It was the second bridge to be built across the Hooghly River; the first, the Howrah Bridge (also known as Rabindra Setu) 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) to the north, was completed in 1943. Named after the educationist reformer Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, it cost Indian Rupees 3.88 billion to build.
St Paul’s Cathedral
St Paul’s was the first cathedral to be built in India and was constructed in a curious yet striking Indo-Gothic style. The stained-glass windows are the only ones that can be found in the city, while mosaics, murals and European-inspired frescoes add to the unique charm of the cathedral.
Missionaries of Charity
Home to the tomb of the adored Mother Theresa, the Missionaries of Charity convent still stands on its original site dating back to 1950 when the order first vowed to ‘give whole-hearted and free service to the poorest of the poor’.
This is an artificial forestry project set up to bring a certain sense of nature to the largely unnatural city that is Kolkata. The park features a number of paths, including an ornamental walkway, landscaped gardens and picturesque fountains. It is the ideal place for a family outing, allowing the kids to stretch their legs and burn some energy.
Salt Lake Stadium
The stadium is the second largest non-auto racing stadium in the world and the largest in the Indian sub-continent. It is currently used for football matches and athletics. The stadium was built in 1984 and holds 120,000 people in a three-tier configuration.
This impressive cantilever bridge is the third largest in the world and can accommodate eight lanes of traffic. It was first opened in 1943 and is over 21 metres wide.
Botanical Garden near Kolkata
Located in a quiet space 20kms outside Kolkata, the oldest Botanical Gardens in India is the ideal place for a tranquil day out of the city and is surrounded by great natural beauty. The gardens contain over 30,000 types of plants and trees and the most striking feature is the 600-year-old Banyan tree, the largest in the world. Likewise, Eden Gardens is one of the most pleasant locations in the city to retreat from the noise and pollution. The garden is intricately designed and impeccably manicured, featuring dazzling fountains and a Burmese pagoda.
Eden Gardens Stadium
Established in 1864, Eden Gardens currently holds 66,349 people following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Prior to the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nevertheless, it remains the third biggest cricket stadium in the world, trailing Melbourne Cricket Ground and ANZ Stadium in Australia. Before 1984 both cricket and derby football matches were played in Eden Garden.
Nicco Park is an amusement park in India, located in Salt Lake City, Kolkata. The park was created to attract tourists to the state by providing family-friendly recreation as well as educative entertainment. Nicco Park opened on October 13, 1991, and has since been referred to as the Disneyland of West Bengal. Presently, the 40 acre park is home to over 35 different attractions and has served over 24 million customers. Nicco Park also provides a “green” environment.
Eco Tourism Park
Eco Park (officially Prakriti Tirtha) is an urban park in Rajarhat, Kolkata. The park is situated on a 480 acres (190 ha) plot and will surround a 104 acres (42 ha) waterbody with an island in the middle. The park was conceptualised by Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee in July 2011. West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO) is the overarching body coordinating the construction of the park, along with different other government bodies responsible for implementation of different works inside the park.
Bowler’s Den is Kolkata’s first ever Bowling center and Food zone for both working up a sweat and filling up with a grub along with a ton of fun and recreation.
Science City, Kolkata is the largest science centre in the Indian subcontinent under National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, Government of India, is at the crossing of Eastern Metropolitan Bypass and J B S Haldane avenue, Kolkata.